Download TCP/IP Tutorial and Technical Overview By Lydia Parziale, David T. Britt Chuck ,Davis Jason Forrester

Introduction

The TCP/IP protocol suite has become a staple of today’s international society and global economy. Continually evolving standards provide a wide and flexible foundation on which an entire infrastructure of applications are built. Through these we can seek entertainment, conduct business, make financial transactions, deliver services, and much, much more. However, because TCP/IP continues to develop and grow in order to meet the changing needs of our communities, it might sometimes be hard to keep track of new functionality or identify new possibilities. For this reason, the TCP/IP Tutorial and Technical Overview provides not only an introduction to the TCP/IP protocol suite, but also serves as a reference for advanced users seeking to keep their TCP/IP skills aligned with current standards. It is our hope that both the novice and the expert will find useful information in this publication.

Table Of Content

Part 1. Core TCP/IP protocols

Chapter 1. Architecture, history, standards, and trends .

1.1 TCP/IP architectural model

1.1.1 Internetworking

1.1.2 The TCP/IP protocol layers

1.1.3 TCP/IP applications.

1.2 The roots of the Internet

1.2.1 ARPANET

1.2.2 NSFNET

1.2.3 Commercial use of the Internet

1.2.4 Internet2 . .

1.2.5 The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Reference Model

1.3 TCP/IP standards

1.3.1 Request for Comments (RFC)

1.3.2 Internet standards

1.4 Future of the Internet. . .

1.4.1 Multimedia applications

1.4.2 Commercial use

1.4.3 The wireless Internet.

1.5 RFCs relevant to this chapter

Chapter 2. Network interfaces

2.1 Ethernet and IEEE 802 local area networks (LANs)

2.1.1 Gigabit Ethernet

2.2 Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI).

2.3 Serial Line IP (SLIP)

2.4 Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)

2.4.1 Point-to-point encapsulation

2.5 Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)

2.7 Frame relay

2.7.1 Frame format

2.7.2 Interconnect issues

2.7.3 Data link layer parameter negotiation

2.7.4 IP over frame relay

2.8 PPP over SONET and SDH circuits

2.8.1 Physical layer

2.9 Multi-Path Channel+ (MPC+) . . .

2.10 Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM)

2.10.1 Address resolution (ATMARP and InATMARP) .

2.10.2 Classical IP over ATM.

2.10.3 ATM LAN emulation

2.10.4 Classical IP over ATM versus LAN emulation

2.11 Multiprotocol over ATM (MPOA)

2.11.1 Benefits of MPOA

2.11.2 MPOA logical components

2.11.3 MPOA functional components

2.11.4 MPOA operation .

Chapter 3. Internetworking protocols .

3.1 Internet Protocol (IP)

3.1.1 IP addressing

3.1.2 IP subnets

3.1.3 IP routing

3.1.4 Methods of delivery: Unicast, broadcast, multicast, and anycast

3.1.5 The IP address exhaustion problem

3.1.6 Intranets: Private IP addresses

3.1.7 Network Address Translation (NAT)

3.1.8 Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) .

3.1.9 IP datagram

3.2 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)

3.2.1 ICMP messages.

3.2.2 ICMP applications.

3.3 Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)

3.4 Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)

3.4.1 ARP overview

3.4.2 ARP detailed concept

3.4.3 ARP and subnets

3.4.4 Proxy-ARP or transparent subnetting

3.5 Reverse Address Resolution Protocol (RARP)

3.5.1 RARP concept

3.6 Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP

3.6.1 BOOTP forwarding

3.6.2 BOOTP considerations

3.7 Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)

3.7.1 The DHCP message format

3.7.2 DHCP message types.

3.7.3 Allocating a new network address.

3.7.4 DHCP lease renewal process.

3.7.5 Reusing a previously allocated network address.

3.7.6 Configuration parameters repository.

3.7.7 DHCP considerations

3.7.8 BOOTP and DHCP interoperability

3.8 RFCs relevant to this chapter

Chapter 4. Transport layer protocols

4.1 Ports and sockets

4.1.2 Sockets

4.2 User Datagram Protocol (UDP).

4.2.1 UDP datagram format

4.2.2 UDP application programming interface

4.3 Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)

4.3.1 TCP concept

4.3.2 TCP application programming interface

4.3.3 TCP congestion control algorithms

4.4 RFCs relevant to this chapter

Chapter 5. Routing protocols.

5.1 Autonomous systems

5.2 Types of IP routing and IP routing algorithms

5.2.1 Static routing

5.2.2 Distance vector routing

5.2.3 Link state routing.

5.2.4 Path vector routing

5.2.5 Hybrid routing

5.3 Routing Information Protocol (RIP) .

5.3.1 RIP packet types .

5.3.2 RIP packet format

5.3.3 RIP modes of operation

5.3.4 Calculating distance vectors

5.3.5 Convergence and counting to infinity.

5.3.6 RIP limitations

5.4 Routing Information Protocol Version 2 (RIP-2)

5.4.1 RIP-2 packet format.

5.4.2 RIP-2 limitations.

5.5 RIPng for IPv6

5.5.1 Differences between RIPng and RIP-2

5.5.2 RIPng packet format.

5.6 Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

5.6.1 OSPF terminology.

5.6.2 Neighbor communication

5.6.3 OSPF neighbor state machine

5.6.4 OSPF route redistribution

5.6.5 OSPF stub areas

5.6.6 OSPF route summarization

5.7 Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP).

5.7.1 Features of EIGRP

5.7.2 EIGRP packet types.

5.8 Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP)

5.9 Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

5.9.1 BGP concepts and terminology.

5.9.2 IBGP and EBGP communication

5.9.3 Protocol description

5.9.4 Path selection

5.9.5 BGP synchronization

5.9.6 BGP aggregation

5.9.7 BGP confederations

5.9.8 BGP route reflectors

5.10 Routing protocol selection

5.11 Additional functions performed by the router.

5.12 Routing processes in UNIX-based systems.

5.13 RFCs relevant to this chapter

Chapter 6. IP multicast.

6.1 Multicast addressing.

6.1.1 Multicasting on a single physical network

6.1.2 Multicasting between network segments.

6.2 Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)

6.2.1 IGMP messages.

6.2.2 IGMP operation.

6.3 Multicast delivery tree.

6.4 Multicast forwarding algorithms.

6.4.1 Reverse path forwarding algorithm.

6.4.2 Center-based tree algorithm.

6.4.3 Multicast routing protocols

6.5 Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP)

6.5.1 Protocol overview.

6.5.2 Building and maintaining multicast delivery trees

6.5.3 DVMRP tunnels

6.6 Multicast OSPF (MOSPF)

6.6.1 Protocol overview

6.6.2 MOSPF and multiple OSPF areas

6.6.3 MOSPF and multiple autonomous systems

6.6.4 MOSPF interoperability.

6.7 Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM)

6.7.1 PIM dense mode.

6.7.2 PIM sparse mode

6.8 Interconnecting multicast domains.

6.8.1 Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP).

6.8.2 Border Gateway Multicast Protocol . .

6.9 The multicast backbone

6.9.1 MBONE routing.

6.9.2 Multicast applications

6.10 RFCs relevant to this chapter

Chapter 7. Mobile IP

7.1 Mobile IP overview

7.1.1 Mobile IP operation

7.1.2 Mobility agent advertisement extensions

7.2 Mobile IP registration process

7.2.1 Tunneling

7.2.2 Broadcast datagrams

7.2.3 Move detection.

7.2.4 Returning home.

7.2.5 ARP considerations.

7.2.6 Mobile IP security considerations

Chapter 8. Quality of service

8.1 Why QoS

8.2 Integrated Services.

8.2.1 Service classes

8.2.2 Controlled Load Service.

8.2.3 Guaranteed Service

8.2.4 The Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP)

8.2.5 Integrated Services outlook.

8.3 Differentiated Services . .

8.3.1 Differentiated Services architecture

8.3.2 Organization of the DSCP.

8.3.3 Configuration and administration of DS with LDAP

Chapter 9. IP version 6 .

9.1 IPv6 introduction

9.1.1 IP growth

9.1.2 IPv6 feature overview

9.2 The IPv6 header format.

9.2.1 Extension headers

9.2.2 IPv6 addressing

9.2.3 Traffic class

9.2.4 Flow labels

9.2.5 IPv6 security

9.2.6 Packet sizes

9.3 Internet Control Message Protocol Version 6 (ICMPv6)

9.3.1 Neighbor discovery

9.3.2 Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD)

9.4 DNS in IPv6. .

9.4.1 Format of IPv6 resource records. .

9.5 DHCP in IPv6

9.5.1 DHCPv6 messages

9.6 IPv6 mobility support

9.7 IPv6 new opportunities

9.7.1 New infrastructure

9.7.2 New services.

9.7.3 New research and development platforms

9.8 Internet transition: Migrating from IPv4 to IPv6

9.8.1 Dual IP stack implementation: The IPv6/IPv4 node

9.8.2 Tunneling

Chapter 10. Wireless IP.

10.1 Wireless concepts

10.2 Why wireless?

10.2.1 Deployment and cost effectiveness

10.2.2 Reachability.

10.2.3 Scalability

10.2.4 Security

10.2.5 Connectivity and reliability.

10.3 WiFi .

10.4 WiMax

10.5 Applications of wireless networking.

10.5.1 Last mile connectivity in broadband services

10.5.2 Hotspots

10.5.3 Mesh networking

10.6 IEEE standards relevant to this

Part 2. TCP/IP application protocols

Chapter 11. Application structure and programming interfaces

11.1 Characteristics of applications

11.1.1 The client/server model.

11.2 Application programming interfaces (APIs)

11.2.1 The socket API

11.2.2 Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

11.2.3 The SNMP distributed programming interface (SNMP DPI)

11.2.4 REXX sockets

Chapter 12. Directory and naming protocols.

12.1 Domain Name System (DNS)

12.1.1 The hierarchical namespace

12.1.2 Fully qualified domain names (FQDNs).

12.1.3 Generic domains.

12.1.4 Country domains . . .

12.1.5 Mapping domain names to IP addresses.

12.1.6 Mapping IP addresses to domain names: Pointer queries

12.1.7 The distributed name space.

12.1.8 Domain name resolution

12.1.9 Domain Name System resource records

12.1.10 Domain Name System messages

12.1.11 A simple scenario.

12.1.12 Extended scenario

12.1.13 Transport.

12.1.14 DNS applications.

12.2 Dynamic Domain Name System

12.2.1 Dynamic updates in the DDNS

12.2.2 Incremental zone transfers in DDNS.

12.2.3 Prompt notification of zone transfer

12.3 Network Information System (NIS).

12.4 Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)

12.4.1 LDAP: Lightweight access to X.500.

12.4.2 The LDAP directory server

12.4.3 Overview of LDAP architecture

12.4.4 LDAP models

12.4.5 LDAP security

12.4.6 LDAP URLs

12.4.7 LDAP and DCE

12.4.8 The Directory-Enabled Networks (DEN) initiative

12.4.9 Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM)

Chapter 13. Remote execution and distributed computing

13.1 Telnet

13.1.1 Telnet operation.

13.1.2 Network Virtual Terminal.

13.1.3 Telnet options

13.1.4 Telnet command structure

13.1.5 Option negotiation

13.1.6 Telnet basic commands

13.1.7 Terminal emulation (Telnet 3270).

13.1.8 TN3270 enhancements (TN3270E)

13.1.9 Device-type negotiation.

13.2 Remote Execution Command protocol (REXEC and RSH) .

13.3 Introduction to the Distributed Computing Environment (DCE)

13.3.1 DCE directory service

13.3.2 Authentication service.

13.3.3 DCE threads

13.3.4 Distributed Time Service

13.3.5 Additional information

13.4 Distributed File Service DFS

13.4.1 File naming.

13.4.2 DFS performance.

Chapter 14. File-related protocols.

14.1 File Transfer Protocol (FTP).

14.1.1 An overview of FTP.

14.1.2 FTP operations

14.1.3 The active data transfer

14.1.4 The passive data transfer

14.1.5 Using proxy transfer

14.1.6 Reply codes

14.1.7 Anonymous FTP

14.1.8 Using FTP with IPv6

14.1.9 Securing FTP sessions

14.2 Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)

14.2.1 TFTP usage

14.2.2 Protocol description. .

14.2.3 TFTP packets

14.2.4 Data modes.

14.2.5 TFTP multicast option

14.2.6 Security issues

14.3 Secure Copy Protocol (SCP) and SSH FTP (SFTP).

14.3.1 SCP syntax and usage

14.3.2 SFTP syntax and usage

14.3.3 SFTP interactive commands

14.4 Network File System (NFS

14.4.1 NFS concept

14.4.2 File integrity

14.4.3 Lock Manager protocol

14.4.4 NFS file system.

14.4.5 NFS version 4

14.4.6 Cache File System

14.4.7 WebNFS

14.5 The Andrew File System (AFS).

14.6 Common Internet File System (CIFS)

14.6.1 NetBIOS over TCP/IP

14.6.2 SMB/CIFS specifics

Chapter 15. Mail applications.

Chapter 16. The Web.

Chapter 17. Network management

Chapter 18. Wireless Application Protocol

Chapter 19. Presence over IP

Part 3. Advanced concepts and new technologies

Chapter 20. Voice over Internet  

Chapter 21. Internet Protocol Television.

Chapter 22. TCP/IP security

Chapter 23. Port based network access control .

 

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